TwoTrials

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Department Seminar: University of Auckland

The Invention, and Evolution, of the Trireme

The location of the origin of the trireme has long been debated between academics who firmly place themselves in either a Greek, or Phoenician, origin group. This study aims to discuss the
historiography of the last century on this debate by separating the various pieces of literary, and archaeological, evidence, before discussing the merit that these pieces have to offer to the whole. Collectively, the majority of the archaeological evidence is far from conclusive for the purpose of this study, and does not grant any credence to either argument. This is due mostly to improper representation of the architectural aspects, through mostly abstract portrayals. The written primary sources (chiefly: Thucydides, Herodotus, and Clement of Alexandria) are of slightly more usefulness. However, they are often too vague in the few areas that they do not directly contradict each other. With the oldest unambiguous depictions of multiple banks of oars coming from…….

Soviets and Spartans: Women in Non-Democratic Societies

Separated by over two-thousand years, it would seem as if the Spartans and the Soviets had very little in common. However, both had highly-advanced rights for women and opinions about their place in society (especially in comparison with their democratic counterparts Athens, and the United States) for their respective times. Women in these cultures enjoyed benefits regarding education,childcare, military involvement, labor, politics…